How to Build a Stud Partition Wall
Looking to divide a room to create a separate space for a playroom or even a home office? There are many reasons why you might want to partition a room and the quickest way to do this is to build a stud partition wall. This guide provides you with enough information to build stud partition walls.
Firstly decide on whether you are building your stud walling from timber or steel. For the sake of this guide we’ll be using timber. If you would like to construct the partition wall using Steel then see our guide:
Depending on the size of the wall use either 3″ x 2″ or 4″ x 2″ rough sawn timber. Measure the length and the height where you will be installing your partition wall. If you take these measurements with you to a timber merchant they will cut the timbers to size for you.
It’s handy to know that timber merchants deal with the building trade all the time and therefore they will be able to advice you on the quantity and cuts of timber you will need to complete the job in accordance with the sizes you supplied them. Just double check your measurements before heading out to the timber merchant.
Take your first piece of timber and nail or screw this to the floor for the full length of your partition wall.
Take two pieces of timber and place these on the walls at each end of the partition wall you are intending to build.
Use a spirit level to ensure that the vertical upright timbers are level before attaching to the wall. It is helpful if you have a friend to help you hold the timber in place while you fix it to the end wall.
Now take another length of timber and attach to the ceiling. Note that if there is no joist to fix nails and screws into the use Anchor Screws.
You should now have a completed frame in which to construct the remaining stud work.
Within your framework you now need to include timbers that will be attached to the top and bottom of the frame. You need to start by measuring the length of the wall and divide this by three. This will give you the amount of timbers to be inserted along the frame.
Again, if you used an experienced timber merchant they would have cut the right amount of upright support posts to be included that span the gap evenly from one end to the other.
Fix your upright timbers along the length of the wall using angle brackets on each side of the timber, both top and bottom.
Now work your way along the wall until all of your upright timbers are in place.
Now that all the upright timbers are in place you need to insert the cross beams in between the upright timbers. These add strength to the overall structure. Start with the first gap and measure from the floor 2 feet and fit the cross beam using angle brackets. You should now fit the other cross beams in the first gap every 3 feet or so.
Once your first set of cross beams is in place move to the second section and stagger the beams opposite to the first. Repeat this as you work your way along the wall.
You should now have all of your stud walling completed and it is now time to add the plaster board. Note that before you attache the plasterboard, think about any electrics that you will be including and run in the electrical wiring.
Another interesting point here is think about what you are using the partitioned room for. If the room is going to be used for noisy activities, such as a playroom or music room, then consider fitting appropriate insulation into the stud framework before apply both sides of the plasterboard.
Fitting plasterboard is fairly easy and these generally come in sheets of 8 ft x 6 ft. Try to fit the sheets in whole sheets. You attach the plasterboard using plasterboard nails that are hammered into the stud partitioning timbers all along the top, bottom and sides of the plasterboard. Work your way from one end of the wall to the other.
Cutting plasterboard is also very easy. You can do this with a saw or by using a craft / Stanley knife. Simply cut along the length and then give the piece a sharp tap with your hand. Once the plasterboard snaps you can cut the backing paper on the other side leaving you with a nice straight cut.
Once all the plasterboard is in place take a roll of plasterboard tape and run this down the seams where each plasterboard panel meets.
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